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Quadrature Coherence Scale of Linear Combinations of Gaussian Functions in Phase Space

Anaelle HertzAaron Z. GoldbergKhabat Heshami
Feb 2024
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摘要原文
The quadrature coherence scale (QCS) is a recently introduced measure that was shown to be an efficient witness of nonclassicality. It takes a simple form for pure and Gaussian states, but a general expression for mixed states tends to be prohibitively unwieldy. In this paper, we introduce a method for computing the quadrature coherence scale of quantum states characterized by Wigner functions expressible as linear combinations of Gaussian functions. Notable examples within this framework include cat states, GKP states, and states resulting from Gaussian transformations, measurements, and breeding protocols. In particular, we show that the quadrature coherence scale serves as a valuable tool for examining the scalability of nonclassicality in the presence of loss. Our findings lead us to put forth a conjecture suggesting that, subject to 50% loss or more, all pure states lose any QCS-certifiable nonclassicality. We also consider the quadrature coherence scale as a measure of quality of the output state of the breeding protocol.
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