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Resonance Cascades and Number Theory

Oleksandr V. MarchukovMaxim Olshanii
Feb 2024
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摘要原文
In this article, we are interested in situations where the existence of a contiguous cascade of quantum resonant transitions is predicated on the validity of a particular statement in number theory. Unexpectedly, the principal challenge was posed by the design of the perturbation potential: as we have reported elsewhere, a non-uniform distribution of the transition matrix elements leads to a localization that arrests mobility. A significant portion of our paper is devoted to ensuring that uniformity. As a case study, we look at the following trivial statement: "Any power of $3$ is an integer." Consequently, we "test" this statement in a numerical experiment where we demonstrate an un-impeded upward mobility along an equidistant, $\ln(3)$-spaced subsequence of the energy levels of a potential with a log-natural spectrum, under a frequency $\ln(3)$ time-periodic perturbation. We further show when we "remove" $9$ from the set of integers -- by excluding the corresponding energy level from the spectrum -- the cascade halts abruptly.
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