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Gravitational wave signatures of no-scale Supergravity in NANOGrav and beyond

Spyros BasilakosDimitri V. NanopoulosTheodoros PapanikolaouEmmanuel N. SaridakisCharalampos Tzerefos
Feb 2024
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摘要原文
In this Letter, we derive for the first time a characteristic three-peaked GW signal within the framework of no-scale Supergravity, being the low-energy limit of Superstring theory. We concentrate on the primordial gravitational wave (GW) spectrum induced due to second-order gravitational interactions by inflationary curvature perturbations as well as by isocurvature energy density perturbations of primordial black holes (PBHs) both amplified due to the presence of an early matter-dominated era (eMD) era before Big Bang Nucleosythesis (BBN). In particular, we work with inflection-point inflationary potentials naturally-realised within Wess-Zumino type no-scale Supergravity and giving rise to the formation of microscopic PBHs triggering an eMD era and evaporating before BBN. Remarkably, we obtain an abundant production of gravitational waves at the frequency ranges of $\mathrm{nHz}$, $\mathrm{Hz}$ and $\mathrm{kHz}$ and in strong agreement with Pulsar Time Array (PTA) GW data. Interestingly enough, a simultaneous detection of all three $\mathrm{nHz}$, $\mathrm{Hz}$ and $\mathrm{kHz}$ GW peaks can constitute a potential observational signature for no-scale Supergravity.
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