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Exploiting Low-level Representations for Ultra-Fast Road Segmentation

Huan ZhouFeng XueYucong LiShi GongYiqun LiYu Zhou
Feb 2024
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摘要原文
Achieving real-time and accuracy on embedded platforms has always been the pursuit of road segmentation methods. To this end, they have proposed many lightweight networks. However, they ignore the fact that roads are "stuff" (background or environmental elements) rather than "things" (specific identifiable objects), which inspires us to explore the feasibility of representing roads with low-level instead of high-level features. Surprisingly, we find that the primary stage of mainstream network models is sufficient to represent most pixels of the road for segmentation. Motivated by this, we propose a Low-level Feature Dominated Road Segmentation network (LFD-RoadSeg). Specifically, LFD-RoadSeg employs a bilateral structure. The spatial detail branch is firstly designed to extract low-level feature representation for the road by the first stage of ResNet-18. To suppress texture-less regions mistaken as the road in the low-level feature, the context semantic branch is then designed to extract the context feature in a fast manner. To this end, in the second branch, we asymmetrically downsample the input image and design an aggregation module to achieve comparable receptive fields to the third stage of ResNet-18 but with less time consumption. Finally, to segment the road from the low-level feature, a selective fusion module is proposed to calculate pixel-wise attention between the low-level representation and context feature, and suppress the non-road low-level response by this attention. On KITTI-Road, LFD-RoadSeg achieves a maximum F1-measure (MaxF) of 95.21% and an average precision of 93.71%, while reaching 238 FPS on a single TITAN Xp and 54 FPS on a Jetson TX2, all with a compact model size of just 936k parameters. The source code is available at https://github.com/zhouhuan-hust/LFD-RoadSeg.
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