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DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2024.138494

Effects of modified gravity on microscopic properties and cooling timescale of white dwarfs

Aneta Wojnar (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)Surajit Kalita (University of Cape Town)Lupamudra Sarmah (Indian Institute of Astrophysics)
Jan 2024
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摘要原文
There are currently two open questions in white dwarf physics: why are massive dwarfs observed less often in astronomical surveys, and why have not any super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs been found despite the discovery of more than a dozen peculiar, overly-luminous type Ia supernovae in about a couple of decades? According to different research, magnetic fields appear to somewhat resolve these issues, but stability remains a concern. For the first time, we investigate how modified gravity affects the specific heat of electrons and ions, the crystallization process, and the cooling mechanism in white dwarfs. We demonstrate it for the Ricci-based gravity. We show that massive white dwarfs fade faster and conclude that it could be a physical reason, apart from the presence of high magnetic fields, both for finding fewer massive white dwarfs and the lack of direct detection of super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs.
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