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Ionised AGN outflows in the Goldfish galaxy -- The illuminating and interacting red quasar eFEDSJ091157.4+014327 at z ~ 0.6

Blessing MusiimentaGiovanna SperanzaTanya Urrutia ...+11 Iv\`an Munoz Rodr\'iguez
Jan 2024
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摘要原文
Evolutionary models suggest that the initial growth phases of active galactic nuclei (AGN) are dust-enshrouded, and characterized by jet/wind outflows that should gradually clear the interstellar medium (ISM) in the host by heating and/or expelling the surrounding gas. eFEDSJ091157.4+014327 (z~0.6) was selected from X-ray samples for its characteristics that are similar to sources with outflows which include red, obscured (2.7x10$^{22}$ cm$^{-2}$ ) and X-ray luminous (6.5x10$^{44}$ erg s$^{-1}$). We aim to explore the environment around the red quasar and characterise kinematics within the system. We use spatially resolved spectroscopic data from Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) with an average seeing of 0.6" to construct flux, velocity and velocity dispersions maps. We found that the quasar is embedded in an interacting and merging system with three other galaxies ~ 50 kpc from its nucleus. Spatially resolved kinematics reveal that the quasar has extended ionised outflows of up to 9.4 kpc with positive and negative velocities up to 1000 km s$^{-1}$ and -1200 km s$^{-1}$, respectively. The velocity dispersion (W$_{80}$) ranges from 600-1800 km s$^{-1}$. We associate the presence of turbulent and high-velocity components with the outflow. The total mass outflow rate is estimated to be 9.6 M$_{\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$ and kinetic power of 1.9x10$^{42}$ erg s$^{-1}$. Considering different recipes of velocity and AGN bolometric luminosities, the kinetic coupling efficiencies range from 0.01%-0.2% and the momentum boosts from 0.04-0.5. The kinetic coupling efficiency values are low which indicates that the outflow is not very significant from the energetic point of view but is slightly consistent with theoretical predictions of radiation-pressure-driven outflows. The mass loading factor of 4.8 is an indication that these outflows are more likely AGN-driven than star formation-driven.
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