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The SRG/eROSITA All-Sky Survey: View of the Virgo Cluster

Hannah McCallThomas H. ReiprichAngie Veronica ...+10 Xiaoyuan Zhang
Jan 2024
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摘要原文
As the closest galaxy cluster, the Virgo Cluster is an exemplary environment for the study of large-scale filamentary structure and physical effects that are present in cluster outskirts but absent from the more easily studied inner regions. Here, we present an exploration of the SRG/eROSITA data from five all-sky surveys. eROSITA allows us to resolve the entire Virgo cluster and its outskirts on scales between 1 kpc and 3 Mpc, covering a total area on the sky of about 25 by 25 degrees. We utilize image manipulation techniques and surface brightness profiles to search for extended emission, surface brightness edges, and features in the outskirts. We employ a method of comparing mean and median profiles to measure gas clumping beyond the virial radius. Surface brightness analysis of the cluster and individual sectors of the cluster reveal the full extent of previously identified cold fronts to the north and south. The emissivity bias due to gas clumping, which we quantify over three orders of magnitude in radial range, is found to be mild, consistent with previous findings. We find an estimated virial gas mass of $M_{\mathrm{gas},r<r_{200}} = (1.98 \pm 0.70) \times 10^{13}$ M$_\odot$. Through imaging analysis we detect the presence of extended emission spanning 320 kpc to the southwest of M49. The extension has a significance of 3.15sigma and is coincident with radio emission detected with LOFAR, which could be evidence of an accretion shock or turbulent re-acceleration as the background W' cloud or M49 group falls into the cluster and interacts with the ICM.
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