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Exceptional points and ground-state entanglement spectrum for a fermionic extension of the Swanson oscillator

Akash SinhaAritra GhoshBijan Bagchi
Jan 2024
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摘要原文
Motivated by the structure of the Swanson oscillator, which is a well-known example of a non-hermitian quantum system consisting of a general representation of a quadratic Hamiltonian, we propose a fermionic extension of such a scheme which incorporates two fermionic oscillators, together with bilinear-coupling terms that do not conserve particle number. We determine the eigenvalues and eigenvectors, and expose the appearance of exceptional points where two of the eigenstates coalesce with the corresponding eigenvectors exhibiting the self-orthogonality relation. The model exhibits a quantum phase transition due to the presence of a ground-state crossing. We compute the entanglement spectrum and entanglement entropy of the ground state.
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