Cell spheroid viscoelasticity is deformation-dependent
Ruben C. BootAnouk van der NetChristos GogouPranav MehtaDimphna H. MeijerGijsje H. KoenderinkPouyan E. Boukany
Ruben C. BootAnouk van der NetChristos Gogou
Pouyan E. Boukany
Tissue surface tension influences cell sorting and tissue fusion. Earlier mechanical studies suggest that multicellular spheroids actively reinforce their surface tension with applied force. Here we study this open question through high-throughput microfluidic micropipette aspiration measurements on cell spheroids to identify the role of force duration and cell contractility. We find that larger spheroid deformations lead to faster cellular retraction once the pressure is released, regardless of the applied force and cellular contractility. These new insights demonstrate that spheroid viscoelasticity is deformation-dependent and challenge whether surface tension truly reinforces.