LADDER: Revisiting the Cosmic Distance Ladder with Deep Learning Approaches and Exploring its Applications

Rahul ShahSoumadeep SahaPurba MukherjeeUtpal GarainSupratik Pal

Rahul ShahSoumadeep SahaPurba MukherjeeUtpal GarainSupratik Pal

Jan 2024

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摘要原文

We investigate the prospect of reconstructing the ``cosmic distance ladder'' of the Universe using a novel deep learning framework called LADDER - Learning Algorithm for Deep Distance Estimation and Reconstruction. LADDER is trained on the apparent magnitude data from the Pantheon Type Ia supernovae compilation, incorporating the full covariance information among data points, to produce predictions along with corresponding errors. After employing several validation tests with a number of deep learning models, we pick LADDER as the best performing one. We then demonstrate applications of our method in the cosmological context, that include serving as a model-independent tool for consistency checks for other datasets like baryon acoustic oscillations, calibration of high-redshift datasets such as gamma ray bursts, use as a model-independent mock catalog generator for future probes, etc. Our analysis advocates for interesting yet cautious consideration of machine learning applications in these contexts.