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DOI: 10.1063/5.0178511

Bubble rising near a vertical wall: experimental characterization of paths and velocity

Cecilia Estepa-CanteroCarlos Mart\'inez-Baz\'anRoc\'io Bola\~nos-Jim\'enez
Jan 2024
The trajectories of a single bubble rising in the vicinity of a vertical solid wall are experimentally investigated. Distinct initial wall-bubble distances are considered for three different bubble rising regimes, i.e. rectilinear, planar zigzag, and spiral. The problem is defined by three control parameters, namely the Galilei number, $Ga$, the Bond number, $Bo$, and the initial dimensionless distance between the bubble centroid and the wall, $L$. We focus on high-Bond numbers, varying $L$ from 1 to 4, and compare the results with the corresponding unbounded case, $L \rightarrow \infty$. In all cases, the bubble deviates from the expected unbounded trajectory and migrates away from the wall as it rises due to the overpressure generated in the gap between the bubble and the wall. This repulsion is more evident as the initial wall-bubble distance decreases. Moreover, in the planar zigzagging regime, the wall is found to impose a preferential zigzagging plane perpendicular to it when $L$ is small enough. Only slight wall effects are observed in the velocity or the oscillation amplitude and frequency. The wall migration effect is more evident for the planar zigzagging case and less relevant for the rectilinear one. Finally, the influence of the vertical position of the wall is also investigated. When the wall is not present upon release, the bubbles have the expected behavior for the unbounded case and experience the migration only instants before reaching the wall edge. This repulsion is, in general, more substantial than in the initially-present-wall case.
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