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Energy-conserving equivariant GNN for elasticity of lattice architected metamaterials

Ivan GregaIlyes BatatiaG\'abor Cs\'anyiSri KarlapatiVikram S. Deshpande
Jan 2024
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摘要原文
Lattices are architected metamaterials whose properties strongly depend on their geometrical design. The analogy between lattices and graphs enables the use of graph neural networks (GNNs) as a faster surrogate model compared to traditional methods such as finite element modelling. In this work we present a higher-order GNN model trained to predict the fourth-order stiffness tensor of periodic strut-based lattices. The key features of the model are (i) SE(3) equivariance, and (ii) consistency with the thermodynamic law of conservation of energy. We compare the model to non-equivariant models based on a number of error metrics and demonstrate the benefits of the encoded equivariance and energy conservation in terms of predictive performance and reduced training requirements.
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