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Node Flux-Linkage Synchronizing Control of Power Systems with 100% Wind Power Generation Based on Capacitor Voltage Balancing Scheme

Yang LiuYanshan ChenYuexi YangXiangyu PeiFeng Ji
Jan 2024
This paper proposes a node flux-linkage synchronizing control method (NFSCM) for power systems with 100% wind power generation based on a capacitor voltage balancing scheme (CVBS). Different from the conventional grid-forming controllers, NFSCM is designed to regulate inverters as virtual flux-linkage sources. Auto-synchronization of flux-linkage vectors is achieved through the CVBS-based NFSCM. The mismatch among the angular frequencies of flux-linkage vectors is eliminated by regulating the tracking errors of DC-link voltages, which establishes a negative feedback between the output frequency and active power of the inverter. NFSCM is adaptive to weak and strong grids. It avoids the excitation inrush currents in the step-up transformer of wind power generators. It also eliminates the DC components of the three-phase currents, and avoids low-frequency oscillations in active power. In order to limit the short-circuit current of inverters, a logic-based bang-bang funnel control (LBFC) is designed to control the switches of inverter bridges when over-current is detected. LBFC is able to restrict various fault currents within an acceptable range within the shortest time. LBFC and NFSCM are designed to operate in a switched manner according to a state-dependent switching strategy. Time-domain simulations were conducted on a 100% wind power generation test system, and the performance of NFSCM and LBFC were investigated.
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