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Scattering of ultrashort electron wave packets: optical theorem, differential phase contrast and angular asymmetries

Yuya MorimotoLars Bojer Madsen
Jan 2024
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摘要原文
Recent advances in electron microscopy allowed the generation of high-energy electron wave packets of ultrashort duration. Here we present a non-perturbative S-matrix theory for scattering of ultrashort electron wave packets by atomic targets. We apply the formalism to a case of elastic scattering and derive a generalized optical theorem for ultrashort wave-packet scattering. By numerical simulations with 1-fs wave packets, we find in angular distributions of electrons on a detector one-fold and anomalous two-fold azimuthal asymmetries. We discuss how the asymmetries relate to the coherence properties of the electron beam, and to the magnitude and phase of the scattering amplitude. The essential role of the phase of the exact scattering amplitude is revealed by comparison with results obtained using the first-Born approximation. Our work paves a way for controlling electron-matter interaction by the lateral and transversal coherence properties of pulsed electron beams.
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