Analysis of Time-Evolution of Gaussian Wavepackets in Non-Hermitian Systems
Simulation and analysis of multidimensional dynamics of a quantum non-Hmeritian system is a challenging problem. Gaussian wavepacket dynamics has proven to be an intuitive semiclassical approach to approximately solving the dynamics of quantum systems. A Gaussian wavepacket approach is proposed for a continuous space extension to the Hatano-Nelson model that enables transparent analysis of the dynamics in terms of complex classical trajectories. We demonstrate certain cases where the configuration space trajectory can be made fully real by transforming the initial conditions to account for the non-Hermiticity appropriately through the momentum coordinates. However, in general the complex phase space is unavoidable. For the cases where the trajectory is real, the effective force can be decomposed into that due to the potential energy surface and that due to the imaginary vector potential. The impact of the vector potential on the trajectory of the wavepacket is directly proportional to both the strength of the vector potential and the width of the wavepacket.