Social Physics of Bacteria: Avoidance of an Information Black Hole
Trung V. PhanShengkai LiDomenic FerrerisRyan MorrisJulia BosBuming GouStephano MartinianiPaul ChaikinYannis G. KevrekidisRobert H. Austin
Trung V. PhanShengkai LiDomenic Ferreris
Robert H. Austin
Social physics explores responses to information exchange in a social network, and can be mapped down to bacterial collective signaling. Here, we explore how social inter-bacterial communication includes coordination of response to communication loss, as opposed to solitary searching for food, with collective response emergence at the population level. We present a 2-dimensional enclosed microfluidic environment that utilizes concentric rings of funnel ratchets, which direct motile E.coli bacteria towards a sole exit hole, an information ``black hole'', passage into the black hole irreversibly sweeps the bacteria away via hydrodynamic flow. We show that the spatiotemporal evolution of entropy production reveals how bacteria avoid crossing the hydrodynamic black hole information horizon.