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Is Artificial Intelligence Providing the Second Revolution for Weather Forecasting?

Fenghua LingLin OuyangBoufeniza Redouane Larbi ...+3 Lei Bai
Jan 2024
The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence technologies, particularly in recent years, has led to the emergence of several large parameter artificial intelligence weather forecast models. These models represent a significant breakthrough, overcoming the limitations of traditional numerical weather prediction models and indicating a potential second revolution for weather forecast. This study explores the evolution of these advanced artificial intelligence forecast models, and based on the identified commonalities, proposes the "Three Large Rules" for their development. We discuss the potential of artificial intelligence in revolutionizing numerical weather prediction, briefly outlining the underlying reasons for this potential. Additionally, we explore key areas for future development prospects for large artificial intelligence weather forecast models, integrating the entire numerical prediction process. Through an example that combines a large artificial intelligence model with ocean wave forecasting, we illustrate how forecasters can adapt and leverage the advanced artificial intelligence model. While acknowledging the high accuracy, computational efficiency, and ease of deployment of large artificial intelligence forecast models, we emphasize the irreplaceable values of traditional numerical forecasts. We believe that the optimal future of weather forecasting lies in achieving a seamless integration of artificial intelligence and traditional numerical models. Such a synthesis is anticipated to offer a more comprehensive and reliable approach for future weather forecasting.
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