This paper introduces a novel ridgelet transform-based method for Poisson image denoising. Our work focuses on harnessing the Poisson noise's unique non-additive and signal-dependent properties, distinguishing it from Gaussian noise. The core of our approach is a new thresholding scheme informed by theoretical insights into the ridgelet coefficients of Poisson-distributed images and adaptive thresholding guided by Stein's method. We verify our theoretical model through numerical experiments and demonstrate the potential of ridgelet thresholding across assorted scenarios. Our findings represent a significant step in enhancing the understanding of Poisson noise and offer an effective denoising method for images corrupted with it.