Polynomial bounds for surfaces in cusped 3-manifolds

Jessica S. PurcellAnastasiia Tsvietkova

Jessica S. PurcellAnastasiia Tsvietkova

Jan 2024

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摘要原文

We find polynomial upper bounds on the number of isotopy classes of connected essential surfaces embedded in many cusped 3-manifolds and their Dehn fillings. Our bounds are universal, in the sense that we obtain the same explicit formula for all 3-manifolds that we consider, with the formula dependent on the Euler characteristic of the surface and similar numerical quantities encoding topology of the ambient 3-manifold. Universal and polynomial bounds have been obtained previously for classical alternating links in the 3-sphere and their Dehn fillings, but only for surfaces that are closed or spanning. Here, we consider much broader classes of 3-manifolds and all topological types of surfaces. The 3-manifolds are called weakly generalized alternating links; they include, for example, many links that are not classically alternating and/or do not lie in the 3-sphere, many virtual links and toroidally alternating links.