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A million cycles in a day: enabling high-throughput computing of lithium-ion battery degradation with physics-based models

Ruihe LiSimon O'KaneJianbo HuangMonica MarinescuGregory J Offer
Jan 2024
High-throughput computing (HTC) is a pivotal asset in many scientific fields, such as biology, material science and machine learning. Applying HTC to the complex physics-based degradation models of lithium-ion batteries enables efficient parameter identification and sensitivity analysis, which further leads to optimal battery design and operating conditions. However, running physics-based degradation models comes with pitfalls, as solvers can crash or get stuck in infinite loops due to numerical errors. Also, how to pipeline HTC for degradation models has seldom been discussed. To fill these gaps, we have created ParaSweeper, a Python script tailored for HTC, designed to streamline parameter sweeping by running as many ageing simulations as computational resources allow, each with different parameters. We have demonstrated the capability of ParaSweeper based on the open-source platform PyBaMM, and the approach can also apply to other numerical models which solve partial differential equations. ParaSweeper not only manages common solver errors, but also integrates various methods to accelerate the simulation. Using a high-performance computing platform, ParaSweeper can run millions of charge/discharge cycles within one day. ParaSweeper stands to benefit both academic researchers, through expedited model exploration, and industry professionals, by enabling rapid lifetime design, ultimately contributing to the prolonged lifetime of batteries.
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