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Stability of the persistence transformation

Gideon KlailaAnastasios StefanouLena Ranke
Jan 2024
In this paper, we introduce the persistence transformation, a novel methodology in Topological Data Analysis (TDA) for applications in time series data which can be obtained in various areas such as science, politics, economy, healthcare, engineering, and beyond. This approach captures the enduring presence or `persistence' of signal peaks in time series data arising from Morse functions while preserving their positional information. Through rigorous analysis, we demonstrate that the proposed persistence transformation exhibits stability and outperforms the persistent diagram of Morse functions (with respect to filtration, e.g., the upper levelset filtration). Moreover, we present a modified version of the persistence transformation, termed the reduced persistence transformation, which retains stability while enjoying dimensionality reduction in the data. Consequently, the reduced persistence transformation yields faster computational results for subsequent tasks, such as classification, albeit at the cost of reduced overall accuracy compared to the persistence transformation. However, the reduced persistence transformation finds relevance in specific domains, e.g., MALDI-Imaging, where positional information is of greater significance than the overall signal height. Finally, we provide a conceptual outline for extending the persistence diagram to accommodate higher-dimensional input while assessing its stability under these modifications.
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