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Numerical simulation of endovascular treatment options for cerebral aneurysms

Martin FrankFabian HolzbergerMedeea Horvat ...+6 Barbara Wohlmuth
Feb 2024
Predicting the long-term success of endovascular interventions in the clinical management of cerebral aneurysms requires detailed insight into the patient-specific physiological conditions. In this work, we not only propose numerical representations of endovascular medical devices such as coils, flow diverters or Woven EndoBridge but also outline numerical models for the prediction of blood flow patterns in the aneurysm cavity right after a surgical intervention. Detailed knowledge about the post-surgical state then lays the basis to assess the chances of a stable occlusion of the aneurysm required for a long-term treatment success. To this end, we propose mathematical and mechanical models of endovascular medical devices made out of thin metal wires. These can then be used for fully resolved flow simulations of the post-surgical blood flow, which in this work will be performed by means of a Lattice Boltzmann method applied to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and patient-specific geometries. To probe the suitability of homogenized models, we also investigate poro-elastic models to represent such medical devices. In particular, we examine the validity of this modeling approach for flow diverter placement across the opening of the aneurysm cavity. For both approaches, physiologically meaningful boundary conditions are provided from reduced-order models of the vascular system. The present study demonstrates our capabilities to predict the post-surgical state and lays a solid foundation to tackle the prediction of thrombus formation and, thus, the aneurysm occlusion in a next step.
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