Quantum information theoretic measures to distinguish fermionized bosons from non-interacting fermions

Barnali ChakrabartiArnaldo GammalN D ChavdaMantile Leslie Lekala

Barnali ChakrabartiArnaldo GammalN D ChavdaMantile Leslie Lekala

Feb 2024

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摘要原文

We study the dynamical fermionization of strongly interacting one-dimensional bosons in Tonks-Girardeau limit by solving the time dependent many-boson Schr\"odinger equation numerically exactly. We establish that the one-body momentum distribution approaches the ideal Fermi gas distribution at the time of dynamical fermionization. The analysis is further complemented by the measures on two-body level. Investigation on two-body momentum distribution, two-body local and non-local correlation clearly distinguish the fermionized bosons from non-interacting fermions. The magnitude of distinguishablity between the two systems is further discussed employing suitable measures of information theory, i.e., the well known Kullback-Leibler relative entropy and the Jensen-Shannon divergence entropy. We also observe very rich structure in the higher-body density for strongly correlated bosons whereas non-interacting fermions do not possess any higher order correlation beyond two-body.