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Anomalous spin precession systematic effects in the search for a muon EDM using the frozen-spin technique

G. CavotoR. ChakrabortyA. Doinaki ...+9 P. Schmidt-Wellenburg
Nov 2023
At the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), we are currently working on the development of a high-precision apparatus with the aim of searching for the muon electric dipole moment (EDM) with unprecedented sensitivity. The underpinning principle of this experiment is the frozen-spin technique, a method that suppresses the spin precession due to the anomalous magnetic moment, thereby enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio for EDM signals. This increased sensitivity facilitates measurements that would be difficult to achieve with conventional $g - 2$ muon storage rings. Given the availability of the $p = 125$ MeV/$c$ muon beam at PSI, the anticipated statistical sensitivity for the EDM after a year of data collection is $6\times 10^{-23}e\cdot$cm. To achieve this goal, it is imperative to meticulously analyse and mitigate any potential spurious effects that could mimic EDM signals. In this study, we present a quantitative methodology to evaluate the systematic effects that might arise in the context of employing the frozen-spin technique within a compact storage ring. Our approach entails the analytical derivation of equations governing the motion of the muon spin in the electromagnetic (EM) fields intrinsic to the experimental setup, validated through subsequent numerical simulations. We also illustrate a method to calculate the cumulative geometric (Berry's) phase. This work complements ongoing experimental efforts to detect a muon EDM at PSI and contributes to a broader understanding of spin-precession systematic effects.
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