Analyzing Deviations of Dyadic Lines in Fast Hough Transform

Gleb SmirnovSimon Karpenko

Gleb SmirnovSimon Karpenko

Nov 2023

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摘要原文

Fast Hough transform is a widely used algorithm in pattern recognition. The algorithm relies on approximating lines using a specific discrete line model called dyadic lines. The worst-case deviation of a dyadic line from the ideal line it used to construct grows as $O(log(n))$, where $n$ is the linear size of the image. But few lines actually reach the worst-case bound. The present paper addresses a statistical analysis of the deviation of a dyadic line from its ideal counterpart. Specifically, our findings show that the mean deviation is zero, and the variance grows as $O(log(n))$. As $n$ increases, the distribution of these (suitably normalized) deviations converges towards a normal distribution with zero mean and a small variance. This limiting result makes an essential use of ergodic theory.