This paper focuses on the frozen set design for precoded polar codes decoded by the successive cancellation list (SCL) algorithm. We propose a novel frozen set design method, whose computational complexity is low due to the use of analytical bounds and constrained frozen set structure. We derive new bounds based on the recently published complexity analysis of SCL with near maximum-likelihood (ML) performance. To predict the ML performance, we employ the state-of-the-art bounds relying on the code weight distribution. The bounds and constrained frozen set structure are incorporated into the genetic algorithm to generate optimized frozen sets with low complexity. Our simulation results show that the constructed precoded polar codes of length 512 have a superior frame error rate (FER) performance compared to the state-of-the-art codes under SCL decoding with various list sizes.