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Harnessing Transformers: A Leap Forward in Lung Cancer Image Detection

Amine BecharYoussef ElmirRafik MedjoudjYassine HimeurAbbes Amira
Nov 2023
This paper discusses the role of Transfer Learning (TL) and transformers in cancer detection based on image analysis. With the enormous evolution of cancer patients, the identification of cancer cells in a patient's body has emerged as a trend in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This process involves analyzing medical images, such as Computed Tomography (CT) scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRIs), to identify abnormal growths that may help in cancer detection. Many techniques and methods have been realized to improve the quality and performance of cancer classification and detection, such as TL, which allows the transfer of knowledge from one task to another with the same task or domain. TL englobes many methods, particularly those used in image analysis, such as transformers and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models trained on the ImageNet dataset. This paper analyzes and criticizes each method of TL based on image analysis and compares the results of each method, showing that transformers have achieved the best results with an accuracy of 97.41% for colon cancer detection and 94.71% for Histopathological Lung cancer. Future directions for cancer detection based on image analysis are also discussed.
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