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Selection of Distinct Morphologies to Divide & Conquer Gigapixel Pathology Images

Abubakr ShafiqueSaghir AlfaslyAreej AlsaafinPeyman NejatJibran A. KhanH.R.Tizhoosh
Nov 2023
Whole slide images (WSIs) are massive digital pathology files illustrating intricate tissue structures. Selecting a small, representative subset of patches from each WSI is essential yet challenging. Therefore, following the "Divide & Conquer" approach becomes essential to facilitate WSI analysis including the classification and the WSI matching in computational pathology. To this end, we propose a novel method termed "Selection of Distinct Morphologies" (SDM) to choose a subset of WSI patches. The aim is to encompass all inherent morphological variations within a given WSI while simultaneously minimizing the number of selected patches to represent these variations, ensuring a compact yet comprehensive set of patches. This systematically curated patch set forms what we term a "montage". We assess the representativeness of the SDM montage across various public and private histopathology datasets. This is conducted by using the leave-one-out WSI search and matching evaluation method, comparing it with the state-of-the-art Yottixel's mosaic. SDM demonstrates remarkable efficacy across all datasets during its evaluation. Furthermore, SDM eliminates the necessity for empirical parameterization, a crucial aspect of Yottixel's mosaic, by inherently optimizing the selection process to capture the distinct morphological features within the WSI.
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