Carrollian conformal correlators and massless scattering amplitudes

Kevin Nguyen

Kevin Nguyen

Nov 2023

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摘要原文

The theory of particle scattering is concerned with transition amplitudes between states that belong to unitary representations of the Poincar\'e group. The latter acts as the isometry group of Minkowski spacetime $\mathbb{M}$, making natural the introduction of relativistic tensor fields encoding the particles of interest. Since the Poincar\'e group also acts as a group of conformal isometries of null infinity $\mathcal{I}$, massless particles can also be very naturally encoded into Carrollian conformal fields living on $\mathcal{I}$. In this work we classify the two- and three-point correlation functions such Carrollian conformal fields can have in any consistent quantum theory of massless particles and arbitrary dimension. We then show that bulk correlators of massless fields in $\mathbb{M}$ explicitly reduce to these Carrollian conformal correlators when evaluated on $\mathcal{I}$, although in the case of time-ordered bulk correlators this procedure appears singular at first sight. However we show that the Carrollian correlators of the descendant fields are perfectly regular and precisely carry the information about the corresponding S-matrix elements.