Metric and spectral aspects of random complex divisors

Michele Ancona (LJAD)Damien Gayet (IF)

Michele Ancona (LJAD)Damien Gayet (IF)

Nov 2023

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摘要原文

For any integer $n\geq 2$, we prove that for any large enough integer $d$, with large probability the injectivity radius of a random degree $d$ complex hypersurface in $\mathbb{C} \mathit{P}^n$ is larger than $d^{-\frac{3}2(n+1)}$. Here the hypersurface is endowed with the restriction of the ambient Fubini-Study metric, and the probability measure is induced by the Fubini-Study $L^2$-Hermitian product on the space of homogeneous complex polynomials of degree $d$ in $(n+1)$-variables. We also prove that with high probability, the sectional curvatures of the random hypersurface are bounded by $d^{3(n+1)}$, and that its spectral gap is bounded below by $\exp(-d^{\frac{3}2(n+3)})$. These results extend to random submanifolds of higher codimension in any complex projective manifold. Independently, we prove that the diameter of a degree $d$ divisor is bounded by $Cd^3$, which generalizes and amends the bound given in~\cite{feng1999diameter} for planar curves.