The accurate description and robust computational modeling of the nonequilibrium properties of quantum systems remain challenges in condensed matter physics. In this work, we develop a linear-scale computational simulation technique for the non-equilibrium dynamics of quantum quench systems. In particular, we report a polynomial expansion of the Loschmidt echo to describe the dynamical quantum phase transitions of noninteracting quantum quench systems. An expansion based method allows us to efficiently compute the Loschmidt echo for infinitely large systems without diagonalizing the system Hamiltonian. To demonstrate its utility, we highlight quantum quenching dynamics under tight-binding quasicrystals and disordered lattices in one spatial dimension. In addition, the role of the wave vector on the quench dynamics under lattice models is addressed. We observe wave vector-independent dynamical phase transitions in self-dual localization models.