This website requires JavaScript.

MirrorNet: A TEE-Friendly Framework for Secure On-device DNN Inference

Ziyu LiuYukui LuoShijin DuanTong ZhouXiaolin Xu
Nov 2023
Deep neural network (DNN) models have become prevalent in edge devices for real-time inference. However, they are vulnerable to model extraction attacks and require protection. Existing defense approaches either fail to fully safeguard model confidentiality or result in significant latency issues. To overcome these challenges, this paper presents MirrorNet, which leverages Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) to enable secure on-device DNN inference. It generates a TEE-friendly implementation for any given DNN model to protect the model confidentiality, while meeting the stringent computation and storage constraints of TEE. The framework consists of two key components: the backbone model (BackboneNet), which is stored in the normal world but achieves lower inference accuracy, and the Companion Partial Monitor (CPM), a lightweight mirrored branch stored in the secure world, preserving model confidentiality. During inference, the CPM monitors the intermediate results from the BackboneNet and rectifies the classification output to achieve higher accuracy. To enhance flexibility, MirrorNet incorporates two modules: the CPM Strategy Generator, which generates various protection strategies, and the Performance Emulator, which estimates the performance of each strategy and selects the most optimal one. Extensive experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of MirrorNet in providing security guarantees while maintaining low computation latency, making MirrorNet a practical and promising solution for secure on-device DNN inference. For the evaluation, MirrorNet can achieve a 18.6% accuracy gap between authenticated and illegal use, while only introducing 0.99% hardware overhead.
发布时间 · 被引用数 · 默认排序
发布时间 · 被引用数 · 默认排序