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DOI: 10.1063/5.0175294

ChemDuino Calorimetry to Determine the Enthalpy Change of Neutralization of an Acid_Base Reaction: Making a Familiar Experiment Greener

N. K. PrabowoM. ParistiowatiI. IrwantoAfrizalYusmaniar (State University of Jakarta)
Nov 2023
In thermochemistry experiments, a large volume and relatively high concentration of chemicals are often used to get a significant temperature change using an analogue thermometer. A greener experimental protocol is developed as an alternative using modern microcontroller boards, ChemDuino. The aim of this research is to develop a low cost and pocket sized prototype for measuring temperature of solutions using Arduino Uno and sensor based on green chemistry and Do It Yourself methods. The construction of ChemDuino for temperature sensing is made in the simplest manner for individuals with little knowledge of electronics. The details of all components are stipulated in this paper. This research was conducted in three phases, which includes preliminary, prototype development, and assessment phase. The device is used to determine the enthalpy change of neutralization of NaOH and HCl solution. The enthalpy change of neutralization, kJ/mol at 25.0 {\deg}C from literature is -57.13 kJ/mol, whereas the enthalpy change of neutralization, kJ/mol at 25.0 {\deg}C from the experiment using ChemDuino Calorimetry is -56.87 kJ/mol with the estimated standard deviation of 1.9. The device has successfully measured the temperature change of the reaction at a relatively lower concentration. ChemDuino Calorimetry has a great potential, because of its reliability and accuracy in measurements, inexpensive setup, and interconnectivity.
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