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Data-Driven Structured Policy Iteration for Homogeneous Distributed Systems

Siavash AlemzadehShahriar TalebiMehran Mesbahi
Nov 2023
Control of networked systems, comprised of interacting agents, is often achieved through modeling the underlying interactions. Constructing accurate models of such interactions--in the meantime--can become prohibitive in applications. Data-driven control methods avoid such complications by directly synthesizing a controller from the observed data. In this paper, we propose an algorithm referred to as Data-driven Structured Policy Iteration (D2SPI), for synthesizing an efficient feedback mechanism that respects the sparsity pattern induced by the underlying interaction network. In particular, our algorithm uses temporary "auxiliary" communication links in order to enable the required information exchange on a (smaller) sub-network during the "learning phase" -- links that will be removed subsequently for the final distributed feedback synthesis. We then proceed to show that the learned policy results in a stabilizing structured policy for the entire network. Our analysis is then followed by showing the stability and convergence of the proposed distributed policies throughout the learning phase, exploiting a construct referred to as the "Patterned monoid.'' The performance of D2SPI is then demonstrated using representative simulation scenarios.
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