Channel Estimation for mmWave MIMO using sub-6 GHz Out-of-Band Information
Faruk PasicMarkus HoferMariam MussbahSebastian CabanStefan SchwarzThomas ZemenChristoph F. Mecklenbr\"auker
Faruk PasicMarkus HoferMariam Mussbah
Christoph F. Mecklenbr\"auker
Future wireless multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems will employ sub-6 GHz and millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency bands working cooperatively. Establishing a MIMO communication link usually relies on estimating channel state information (CSI) which is difficult to acquire at mmWave frequencies due to a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this paper, we propose three novel methods to estimate mmWave MIMO channels using out-of-band information obtained from the sub-6GHz band. We compare the proposed channel estimation methods with a conventional one utilizing only in-band information. Simulation results show that the proposed methods outperform the conventional mmWave channel estimation method in terms of achievable spectral efficiency, especially at low SNR and high K-factor.