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Mobility Performance Analysis of RACH Optimization Based on Decision Tree Supervised Learning for Conditional Handover in 5G Beamformed Networks

Subhyal Bin IqbalUmur KarabulutAhmad AwadaAndre Noll BarretoPhilipp SchulzGerhard P. Fettweis
Sep 2023
In 5G cellular networks, frequency range 2 (FR2) introduces higher frequencies that cause rapid signal degradation and challenge user mobility. In recent studies, a conditional handover procedure has been adopted as an enhancement to baseline handover to enhance user mobility robustness. In this article, the mobility performance of conditional handover is analyzed for a 5G mm-wave network in FR2 that employs beamforming. In addition, a resource-efficient random access procedure is proposed that increases the probability of contention-free random access during a handover. Moreover, a simple yet effective decision tree-based supervised learning method is proposed to minimize the handover failures that are caused by the beam preparation phase of the random access procedure. Results have shown that a tradeoff exists between contention-free random access and handover failures. It is also seen that the optimum operation point of random access is achievable with the proposed learning algorithm for conditional handover. Moreover, a mobility performance comparison of conditional handover with baseline handover is also carried out. Results have shown that while baseline handover causes fewer handover failures than conditional handover, the total number of mobility failures in the latter is less due to the decoupling of the handover preparation and execution phases.
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