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DOI: 10.1101/2023.05.15.23290010

Correlation between life satisfaction and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in dental students: The mediation of resilience

Y.Sun L. Miao S. Chen Z. Piao C. Tong
BackgroundFew studies focus on investigating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) symptoms in dental students. Statistical analysis of demographic factors in this population can assist in supplementing clinical practice. This study was designed to examine the prevalence of ADHD symptoms among dental students, explore the correlation between life satisfaction and ADHD symptoms, and discuss whether resilience mediates the association between life satisfaction and ADHD symptoms.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2023 at a medical university in China. Self-report questionnaires consisting of the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Wender Utah Rating Scale, the Life Satisfaction Scale, the Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and sociodemographic characteristics. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to investigate the effect of ADHD symptoms on life satisfaction, and resampling and asymptotic strategies were used to explore the mediation of resilience.ResultsTotally,291 dental students became final objects. On account of the cutoffs of the scales, 6.87% of the students were likely to have ADHD. There were differences in ADHD prevalence among objects of diverse ages and with varying levels of paternal education. The ADHD asymptomatic group had distinctly higher resilience and life satisfaction degrees than the symptomatic group. Both inattention and hyperactivity were negatively correlated with resilience and life satisfaction. In the students, resilience was observably positively related to life satisfaction. Resilience plays a mediating role between the two symptoms of ADHD and life satisfaction.ConclusionsThe prevalence of ADHD in Chinese dental students is slightly higher than in general adults. It was revealed that paternal education level was relevant to the morbidity. Hyperactivity was significantly relevant to life satisfaction. Detecting ADHD symptoms earlier is helping improve future dentists mental health. Resilience intervention programs can enhance dental students life satisfaction, especially for students with ADHD symptoms.