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Quantum fluctuations in the small Fabry-Perot interferometer

Igor E. ProtsenkoAlexander V. Uskov
Dec 2022
摘要
We consider the small, of the size of the order of the wavelength,interferometer with the main mode excited by a quantum field from a nano-LED ora laser. The input field is detuned from the interferometer mode with, onaverage, a few photons. We find the field and the photon number fluctuationspectra inside and outside the interferometer and identify the contributions ofquantum and classical noise in the spectra. Structures of spectra are differentfor the field, the photon number fluctuations inside the interferometer; forthe transmitted, and the reflected fields. We note asymmetries in spectra.Differences in the spectra are related to the colored (white) quantum noiseinside (outside) the interferometer. We calculate the second-order timecorrelation functions; they oscillate and be negative under certain conditions.Results help the study, design, manufacture, and use small elements of quantumoptical integrated circuits, such as delay lines and optical transistors.
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