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On the falsification of the pilot-wave interpretation of quantum mechanics and the meaning of the Born rule

Jakub M. Ratajczak
Aug 2020
摘要
Quantum mechanics has lacked a widely recognized interpretation since itsbirth. Many of these are still under consideration because interpretations aretough or impossible to disprove experimentally. We show how to distinguishexperimentally ones assuming tiny, localized particles from those postulatingrealistic, non-local wave functions. It is possible thanks to a recentlydeveloped model of optical transmittance of ultra-diluted gas. This modelconsiders the influence of each gas particle wave function on transmittedlight. Its quantitative predictions are not indifferent to the interpretationof quantum mechanics. We also refer to the results of a recent experimentfounded on this theory. They are in line with the predictions, which suggeststhe correctness of the model. Such results, if confirmed, rule outinterpretations of the type of pilot-wave. In the paper, we briefly explainboth the experiment and the model it is founded on. We also discuss the meaningof the Born rule.
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