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DOI: 10.1101/2022.12.26.521968

Identification of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase as a potential target for anti-monkeypox virus agents

T.Hishiki T. Morita D. Akazawa ...+16 K. Watashi
摘要
Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is a neglected zoonotic pathogen that caused a worldwide outbreak in May 2022. Given the lack of an established therapy, the development of an anti-MPXV strategy is of vital importance. To identify drug targets for the development of anti-MPXV agents, we screened a chemical library using an MPXV infection cell assay and found that gemcitabine, trifluridine, and mycophenolic acid (MPA) inhibited MPXV propagation. These compounds showed broad-spectrum anti-orthopoxvirus activities and presented lower 90% inhibitory concentrations (0.032-1.40 microM) than brincidofovir, an approved anti-smallpox agent. These three compounds have been suggested to target the post-entry step to reduce the intracellular production of virions. Knockdown of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), the rate-limiting enzyme of guanosine biosynthesis and a target of MPA, dramatically reduced MPXV DNA production. Moreover, supplementation with guanosine recovered the anti-MPXV effect of MPA, suggesting that IMPDH and its guanosine biosynthetic pathway regulate MPXV replication. By targeting IMPDH, we identified a series of compounds with stronger anti-MPXV activity than MPA. These evidences propose that IMPDH is a potential target for the development of anti-MPXV agents.
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