This website requires JavaScript.
DOI: 10.1101/2022.12.26.521950

Exceptionally versatile respiratory metabolisms drive metabolite production by diverse gut bacteria

A. S.Little I. T. Younker M. S. Schechter ...+18 S. H. Light
摘要
Anaerobic respiration encompasses a major class of microbial energy metabolisms that employ reductases to respire different non-oxygen electron acceptors. Respiratory reductases play important roles in multiple geochemical cycles but their significance in other contexts remains unclear. Here we identify three taxonomically distinct families of gut bacteria that encode exceptionally large arsenals of tens to hundreds of respiratory-like reductases per genome. By screening representative species from each family, we discover 22 metabolites used as respiratory electron acceptors in a species-specific manner. Identified respiratory reactions transform multiple classes of dietary- and host-derived fecal metabolites, including bioactive molecules like resveratrol and the immunometabolite itaconate. Reductase substrate-profiling identifies enzyme-substrate pairs and paints a striking picture of reductase evolution, including evidence that reductases with specificities for related cinnamate substrates but distinct mechanisms independently emerged at least four separate times. These studies define an exceptionally versatile form of respiration that directly links microbial central metabolism to the gut metabolome.
展开全部

暂无人提供速读十问回答

论文十问由沈向洋博士提出,鼓励大家带着这十个问题去阅读论文,用有用的信息构建认知模型。写出自己的十问回答,还有机会在当前页面展示哦。

Q1论文试图解决什么问题?
Q2这是否是一个新的问题?
Q3这篇文章要验证一个什么科学假设?
0
被引用
笔记
问答