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Gauge-invariant gravitational waves in matter beyond linearized gravity

Deepen GargIlya Dodin
arXiv: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
Jun 2021
摘要
Reduced theories of gravitational waves (GWs) often grapple with untangling the physical effects from coordinate artifacts. Here we show how to reinstate gauge invariance within a reduced theory of weakly nonlinear GWs in a general background metric and in the presence of matter. An exactly gauge-invariant ``quasilinear'' theory is proposed, in which GWs are governed by linear equations but also affect the background metric on scales large compared to their wavelength. As a corollary, the gauge-invariant geometrical optics of linear dispersive GWs in a general background is reported. We also show how gauge invariance can be maintained within a given accuracy if nonlinearities are included up to an arbitrary order in the GW amplitude.
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